Summary of Israel cont.

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7. Israel divided (time period)-  1 Kings Ch. 12-22 2 Kings,  2 Chronicles 10-36

When king Solomon dies, his son Rehoboam becomes king. His friends advise him that he should tax the people much more then his father ever did; upon hearing this 10 of the tribes revolt and form their own union called Israel and sometimes Ephraim. They elect Jeroboam
as their 1st. king.

The northern 10 tribes (Israel)

Some details:
Capital Samaria
Consisted of ten tribes
Had 19 kings
Fell into moral decay, Idolatry etc.
Dispersed and taken into captivity by the Assyrians (721 BC)
There was never a return of these Jews

 Prophets to the Northern tribes were: Elijah, Elisha, Amos, Hosea

The 2 southern tribes, was called (Judah)

Some details:
Consisted of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. Their first king was Rehoboam.
Capital was Jerusalem
They continued the temple worship etc.
They had 20 kings

Dispersed and taken into captivity in three separate attacks by King Nebuchadnezzar of the Babylonians. (606 BC)

 After 70 years of captivity (Jeremiah 25:12 2 Chronicles 36:21) These Jews are allowed to return, rebuild and repopulate.

 Prophets to the two southern tribes were: Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Jeremiah -Lamentations.

8. Israel in captivity (time period)-  Daniel, Ezekiel

After destroying the northern tribes the Assyrians turn their attention upon Judah with intent
of doing the same. (790 BC) Upon seeing the armies surround Jerusalem, Isaiah cries out to God and 185,000 Assyrians are slain by the angel of the Lord. Needless to say the Assyrian army retreats. The Assyrian empire was defeated by the Babylonians at the battle of Carcemesh 609 BC. and become the dominate empire of their day.

 Because of Judah's sins, God allows the Babylonians to conquer them and take captive many people of Jerusalem in 3 separate military campaigns. Between the Assyrians and Babylonian empires Israel ceased to be a nation for 70 years.

 3 Phases of the captivity of Judah

  1. 606 BC   Daniel and others of noble birth are taken
  2. 597 BC   King Jehoiachin, Ezekiel and others taken 
  3. 586 BC   Walls of Jerusalem are torn down, the temple and city are burned.
                   some of the poor were left to care for the land.

A major part in this timeline study is the visions and prophecies that Daniel receives while
 in captivity.  see following link   Daniel's Visions

9. Israel's return home (time period)   Ezra, Esther, Nehemiah

According to the Lord's word through Jeremiah the prophet, The Jews would be held in captivity for 70 years then be allowed to return back to their homeland.

Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

Jeremiah 29:10 For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.

Dan.9:25  Decree to return, restore and rebuild Jerusalem. There are three possible dates:

538 B.C. Cyrus, King of Persia, issued a decree to Zerubbabel to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-3; and Ezra 6:1-5).

457 B.C. Artaxerxes, King of Persia, issued a decree to Ezra authorizing him to reinstitute the Temple services, appoint judges and magistrates, and teach the Law (Ezra 7:11-26).

445 B.C. Artaxerxes issued a decree to Nehemiah to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:1-8).


Ch. 1-6  King Cyrus of Persia issues decree to return.
1st. return led by Zerubbable to rebuild city and build 2nd. temple  Ch. 7-10

 Between the 1st. return led by Zerubbabel and 2nd. return led by Ezra. the book of Esther takes place. God uses Esther to foil the a plot to kill the Jews in captivity.


Ch.1-2 Esther (a Jew) become queen of king Ahasuerus (Persian Emperor)
Ch.3-5 Haman becomes the  prime minister and plots to kill all Jews.
Ch.6-10  Esther and Mordecai devise a plan to save Jews. Haman is executed.


Ch. 1-2 Nehemiah receives permission to return to Jerusalem, he inspects the walls and city.
Ch.2-7  He rebuilds the walls and city.
Ch.8-10  Revival under Ezra

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