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7. Israel divided (time period)-
1 Kings Ch. 12-22 – 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles 10-36
When king Solomon dies, his son Rehoboam becomes king. His friends advise
him that he should tax the people much more then his father ever did; upon
hearing this 10 of the tribes revolt and form their own union called
Israel and sometimes Ephraim. They elect Jeroboam
as their 1st. king.
The northern 10 tribes (Israel)
Capital – Samaria
Consisted of ten tribes
Had 19 kings
Fell into moral decay, Idolatry etc.
Dispersed and taken into captivity by the Assyrians (721 BC)
There was never a return of these Jews
Prophets to the Northern tribes were: Elijah,
Elisha, Amos, Hosea
The 2 southern tribes, was called (Judah)
Consisted of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. Their first king was
Capital was Jerusalem
They continued the temple worship etc.
They had 20 kings
Dispersed and taken into captivity in three separate
attacks by King
Nebuchadnezzar of the Babylonians. (606 BC)
After 70 years of captivity (Jeremiah 25:12 2
Chronicles 36:21) These Jews are allowed to return, rebuild and
Prophets to the two southern tribes were:
Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Jeremiah -Lamentations.
8. Israel in captivity (time
period)- Daniel, Ezekiel
After destroying the northern tribes the Assyrians
turn their attention upon Judah with intent
of doing the same. (790 BC) Upon seeing the armies surround Jerusalem,
Isaiah cries out to God and 185,000 Assyrians are slain by the angel of
the Lord. Needless to say the Assyrian army retreats. The
Assyrian empire was defeated by the Babylonians at the battle of Carcemesh
609 BC. and become the dominate empire of their day.
Because of Judah's sins, God allows the Babylonians
to conquer them and take captive many people of Jerusalem in 3 separate
military campaigns. Between the Assyrians and Babylonian empires Israel
ceased to be a nation for 70 years.
3 Phases of the captivity of Judah
- 606 BC Daniel and others of noble birth are
- 597 BC King Jehoiachin, Ezekiel and others
- 586 BC Walls of Jerusalem are torn down, the
temple and city are burned.
some of the poor were left to care for the land.
A major part in this
timeline study is the visions and prophecies that Daniel receives while
in captivity. see following link
9. Israel's return home
(time period) Ezra, Esther, Nehemiah
According to the Lord's word through Jeremiah the
prophet, The Jews would be held in captivity for 70 years then be allowed
to return back to their homeland.
Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an
astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy
Jeremiah 29:10 For thus saith the
LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit
you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to
Dan.9:25 Decree to return, restore and rebuild
Jerusalem. There are three possible dates:
538 B.C. — Cyrus, King of Persia, issued a decree to Zerubbabel to
rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-3; and
457 B.C. — Artaxerxes, King of Persia, issued a decree to Ezra
authorizing him to reinstitute the Temple services, appoint judges and
magistrates, and teach the Law (Ezra 7:11-26).
445 B.C. — Artaxerxes issued a decree to Nehemiah to rebuild the
walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:1-8).
Ch. 1-6 King Cyrus of Persia issues decree to
1st. return led by Zerubbable to rebuild city and build 2nd.
temple Ch. 7-10
Between the 1st. return led by Zerubbabel
and 2nd. return led by Ezra. the book of Esther takes place.
God uses Esther to foil the a plot to kill the Jews in captivity.
Ch.1-2 Esther (a Jew) become queen of king Ahasuerus
Ch.3-5 Haman becomes the prime minister and plots to kill all Jews.
Ch.6-10 Esther and Mordecai devise a plan to save Jews. Haman is
Ch. 1-2 Nehemiah receives permission to return to
Jerusalem, he inspects the walls and city.
Ch.2-7 He rebuilds the walls and city.
Ch.8-10 Revival under Ezra
The end of this summary -
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